Although a Butuanon dialect exists, most of the inhabitants speak Cebuano. The Manobo tribe,
numbering 53,000, is the largest cultural community in the province. Other major ethnic groups
comprise the Mamanwa, Higanon and Lapaknon. There is a Monobo-Mamanwa Reservation in Bangonay,
Jabonga, at the southern end of Lake Mainit.
History and Culture
Northern Mindanao is rich in history and culture. Its indigenous traditions are showcased in
year-round festivals all over the region and its heritage expressed and reflected in their arts
and crafts. Relics and artifacts of a glorious past are displayed with pride in the different
museums found in the region.